Experiment in physics. Early views

by pronskikh

Slides: Experiment in Physics

I shortly discuss two very important trends in 16th – 17th century thought – empiricism and rationalism – and their approaches to understanding experimentation and experimental method. I examine as outstanding examples ideas of Francis Bacon (empiricism), Isaac Newton (empirical inductivism), and Galileo Galilei (rationalism). I assert that none of those scientists and philosophers denied (implicitly as rejections and exclusions or explicitly) the impotant role of theory (or assumptions) in experiment. I also note that religious views of scientists might influence their philosophical positions regarding experiment.